Time range API for PHP

$ composer require league/period

Once a new major version is released, the previous stable release remains supported for six more months through patches and security fixes.


Period is PHP's Time Range class. Based on ideas from Resolving Feature Envy in the Domain by Mathias Verraes, this package extends the concept to cover all basic operations regarding time ranges.

  1. Uses Immutable Value Objects

  2. Uses named constructors to ease object creation

  3. Covers all basic manipulations related to time range

  4. Enables working with simple or complex time ranges logic


easy instance creation

use League\Period\Period;

$interval = Period::around('2014-01-01 08:00:25', '1 HOUR');

//instead of doing
$date = new DateTimeImmutable('2014-01-01 08:00:25');
$duration = new DateInterval('PT1H');
$startDate = $date->sub($duration);
$endDate = $date->add($duration);

$interval = new Period($startDate, $endDate);

To help you start working with Period objects, the library comes bundled with many more named constructors to ease datepoint, duration and intervals creation.

iterating over the interval made simple

You can return selected datepoints inside the interval

foreach (Period::fromMonth(2014, 10)->getDatePeriod('1 DAY') as $datepoint) {
    echo $datepoint->format('Y-m-d');

or split the interval into smaller Period objects

foreach (Period::fromMonth(2014, 10)->split('1 DAY') as $period) {
    foreach ($period->getDatePeriod('1 HOUR') as $datepoint) {
    	echo $datepoint->format('Y-m-d H:i:s');

The library also allow iterating backwards over the interval.

compare intervals and datepoints

You can compare time ranges based on their duration, their datepoints and even their boundary types.

$period = Period::after('2014-01-01', '1 MONTH', Period::INCLUDE_ALL);
$altPeriod = Period::after('2014-01-01', '1 MONTH', Period::EXCLUDE_ALL);
$period->durationEquals($altPeriod), //returns true
$period->equals($altPeriod), //returns false
$period->contains($altPeriod), //returns true
$altPeriod->contains($period), //return false
$period->contains('2014-01-10'), //returns true
Datepoint::create('2014-02-10')->isDuring($period) //returns false

Modifying time ranges

Period is an immutable value object. Any change to the object returns a new object.

$period = Period::before('2014-01-07', '1 WEEK');
$altPeriod = $period->endingOn('2014-02-03');
$period->contains($altPeriod); //return false;
$altPeriod->durationGreaterThan($period); //return true;


Format and export your Period instance following standardized format.

$period = Period::after('2014-10-03 08:00:00', 3600, Period::INCLUDE_START_EXCLUDE_END);

echo $period; // 2014-10-03T06:00:00.000000Z/2014-10-03T07:00:00.000000Z
echo $period->format('Y-m-d H:i:s'); // [2014-10-03 08:00:00, 2014-10-03 09:00:00)
echo json_encode($period, JSON_PRETTY_PRINT);
// {
//     "startDate": "2014-10-03T06:00:00.000000Z",
//     "endDate": "2014-10-03T07:00:00.000000Z"
// }

Accessing Gaps between intervals

use League\Period\Period;
use League\Period\Sequence;

$sequence = new Sequence(
    new Period('2018-01-01', '2018-01-31'),
    new Period('2017-01-01', '2017-01-31'),
    new Period('2020-01-01', '2020-01-31')
$gaps = $sequence->gaps(); // a new Sequence object
count($gaps); // 2

Sequence is a Period container and collection class.


Period was created by Ignace Nyamagana Butera. Find him on Twitter at @nyamsprod.